5 records

The members of the Papilionoidea may be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • The body is smaller and less moth-like.
  • The wings are larger.
  • The antennae are straight and clubbed (rather than hooked as in the skippers).
  • The caterpillars do not spin cocoons to pupate.
  • The pupae are angular rather than rounded.


Blues and Coppers

Total Records: 63

The Lycaenidae are the second-largest family of butterflies, with about 6000 species worldwide, whose members are also called gossamer-winged butterflies. They constitute about 40% of the known butterfly species.

Brush-footed butterflies

Total Records: 88

The Nymphalidae is a family of about 5,000 species of butterflies which are distributed throughout most of the world. These are usually medium sized to large butterflies. Most species have a reduced pair of forelegs and many hold their colourful wings flat when resting. They are also called brush-footed butterflies or four-footed butterflies. Many species are brightly colored and include popular species such as the emperor, admirals, tortoiseshells and fritillaries. However, the underwings are in contrast often dull and in some species look remarkably like dead leaves, or are much paler, producing a cryptic effect that helps the butterfly disappear into its surroundings.

Metalmark butterflies

Total Records: 2

The common name "metalmarks" refers to the small metallic-looking spots commonly found on their wings. There are approximately 1,000 species of metalmark butterflies in the world.

The males of this family have reduced forelegs while the females have full-sized, fully functional forelegs. The foreleg of males is often reduced and has a uniquely shaped first segment which extends beyond its joint with the second segment, rather than meeting it flush. They have a unique venation on the hindwing: the costa of the hind wing is thickened out to the humeral angle and the humeral vein is short.

Swallowtail butterflies

Total Records: 20

Swallowtail butterflies are large, colorful butterflies. There are over 550 species, and though the majority are tropical, members of the family are found on all continents except Antarctica.

Birdwings are butterflies native to the Indian Subcontinent, mainland and archipelagic Southeast Asia and Australasia. Roughly it has 30 and 40 different species. Birdwings are named for their exceptional size, angular wings, and birdlike flight.

Whites and Yellows

Total Records: 21

The Pieridae are a large family of butterflies with about 76 genera containing approximately 1,100 species, mostly from tropical Africa and Asia. Most pierid butterflies are white, yellow or orange in coloration, often with black spots. The pigments that give the distinct colouring to these butterflies are derived from waste products in the body and are a characteristic of this family.